The Cold War was far from over, though. Moving existing nuclear weapons to locations from which they could reach American targets was one. It was Khruschev's attempt to achieve a balance of power. Use the US Air Force to attack all known missile sites.
The Cuban leadership had a strong expectation that the US would invade Cuba again and enthusiastically approved the idea of installing nuclear missiles in Cuba. US officials attempted to use a Corona photoreconnaissance satellite to obtain coverage over reported Soviet military deployments, but imagery acquired over western Cuba by a Corona KH-4 mission on October 1 was heavily covered by clouds and haze and failed to provide any usable intelligence.
President Kennedy was briefed about the situation on October 16, and he immediately called together a group of advisors and officials known as the executive committee, or ExCom.
Visit Website Did you know. The Anadyr River flows into the Bering Seaand Anadyr is also the capital of Chukotsky District and a bomber base in the far eastern region.
A war would have meant the deaths of million Americans and more than million Russians. The tense standoff between the superpowers continued through the week, and on October 27, an American reconnaissance plane was shot down over Cuba, and a U. Even the troops detailed for the mission were given misdirection by being told that they were headed for a cold region and being outfitted with ski boots, fleece-lined parkas, and other winter equipment.
They obtained a meeting with Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Their bodies were never recovered. When the reconnaissance missions were reauthorized on October 9, poor weather kept the planes from flying. Kennedy explained after the crisis that "it would have politically changed the balance of power.
From that launch point, they were capable of quickly reaching targets in the eastern U. The letter was the first in a series of direct and indirect communications between the White House and the Kremlin throughout the remainder of the crisis.
This crisis is regarded as the closest the world has come to a nuclear exchange. The reports could not be satisfactorily dismissed. U-2 photograph of first IRBM site found under construction In this section you will find a chronology of the early Cold War and the Cuban Missile Crisis, answers to some Frequently Asked Questions about the Crisis, and links to key documentsphotographsand audio and video resources from the most dramatic period of the Cold War.
According to Khrushchev, the Soviet Union's motives were "aimed at allowing Cuba to live peacefully and develop as its people desire". The Kennedy administration had been publicly embarrassed by the failed Bay of Pigs Invasion in Maywhich had been launched under President John F.
President Kennedy learned of the threat the following morning, while still in pajamas, and for the next 12 days the U. By Octoberthey may have had a few dozen, with some intelligence estimates as high as But Kennedy ultimately decided on a more measured approach.
Attorney General Robert Kennedy then met secretly with Soviet Ambassador to the United States, Anatoly Dobrynin, and indicated that the United States was planning to remove the Jupiter missiles from Turkey anyway, and that it would do so soon, but this could not be part of any public resolution of the missile crisis.
Prior to this, there was no clear barrier to how the United States was willing to react, and with new president John F. The early s were marked by a number of subversive, top-secret U. The CNO's scenario was followed closely in later implementing the "quarantine. Instead, he crafted an alternative with three components: They can't, after all their statements, permit us to take out their missiles, kill a lot of Russians, and then do nothing.
Pausing at the nuclear precipice, President Kennedy and the group of advisors he had assembled known as ExComm evaluated a number of options. Presented with the choice of attacking or accepting Soviet nuclear missiles in Cuba, Kennedy rejected both options. McNamara concluded that the Soviets having would not therefore substantially alter the strategic balance.
Such a blockade might be expanded to cover all types of goods and air transport. He said he wanted to confront the Americans "with more than words Use diplomatic pressure to get the Soviet Union to remove the missiles.
The Soviet Union had medium-range ballistic missiles in quantity, about of them, but they were very unreliable and inaccurate.
A New Threat to the U. Kennedy explained after the crisis that "it would have politically changed the balance of power. For nearly the next two weeks, the president and his team wrestled with a diplomatic crisis of epic proportions, as did their counterparts in the Soviet Union. The Cuban Missile Crisis, also known as the October Crisis of (Spanish: Crisis de Octubre), the Caribbean Crisis (Russian: Карибский кризис, tr.
Karibsky krizis, IPA: [kɐˈrʲipskʲɪj ˈkrʲizʲɪs]), or the Missile Scare, was a day (October 16–28, ) confrontation between the. I highly recommend this Very Brief History if you want to know more about the background to the Cuban revolution, the way the Cuban Missile crisis was handled (or mishandled?) by both sides and its outcome, especially the impact on both Kennedy and Khruschev and the continuing Cold War.
Harvard Kennedy School’s Belfer Center has created this site as a resource for the Cuban Missile Crisis. Designed to help policymakers, students, and interested citizens draw lessons from these critical events half a century ago, this site not only provides background on the crisis that brought the world to the brink of nuclear disaster in October but also offers tools to understand how.
The Cuban Missile Crisis John Swift examines the events that led the world to the brink of nuclear catastrophe. John Swift | Published in History Review Issue 57 March The Cuban Missile Crisis: A Very Brief History - Kindle edition by Mark Black. Download it once and read it on your Kindle device, PC, phones or tablets.
Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading The Cuban Missile Crisis: A Very Brief History/5(33). The Cuban Missile Crisis, October The Cuban Missile Crisis of October was a direct and dangerous confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union during the Cold War and was the moment when the two superpowers came closest to nuclear conflict.A brief background on the cuban missile crisis